Different Production Processes for Different Products

From the forest to the pulp and paper mills, Glatfelter takes an environmentally responsible approach to making paper.

Glatfelter’s Business Units utilize very different production processes to manufacture their unique types of engineered products. Reusing materials, implementing cleaner production processes such as biomass electricity and developing recycled fibers and products are all benefits of our North American facilities being fully integrated mills that host both the pulp and paper plants on one site. Using renewable and biodegradable fibers and manufacturing long-fiber grades with a unique technology are practiced at European facilities.

AMBU and CFBU Production Practices

Glatfelter’s Composite Fibers Business Unit (CFBU) utilizes unique papermaking technology to manufacture specialty long-fiber grades. Inclined wire paper machines, relatively uncommon in the global paper industry, enable CFBU to manufacture thin, strong papers for tea bags, composite laminate flooring and countertops and similar demanding industrial and consumer uses. The fiber-to-water ratios are substantially lower than traditional flat-wire Fourdrinier machines. Non-tree plant species such as grasses, abaca and other renewable fiber sources that cannot readily be used on conventional paper machines are our primary raw materials, as well as engineered synthetic and biodegradable fibers. Additionally, CFBU operates a separate metalizing operation which does not make the base paper, but applies a thin aluminum coating to the paper stock for uses in labels and cigarette inner-liners.

Glatfelter’s Advanced Airlaid Materials Business Unit (AMBU) uses a combination of biodegradable natural fibers (fluff pulp) and synthetic fiber to create sustainable products for hygiene and home care markets.

Acquisition of the raw pulp fiber used in making paper is one of the biggest differences between AMBU, CFBU and SPBU. In AMBU and CFBU, the fiber is purchased as dried pulp which is produced at other locations. CFBU maintains a pulping facility in the Philippines for the production of abaca pulp as well. Alternatively, our facilities in North America are fully integrated, and have on-site pulp mills that start with logs or wood chips and other wood byproducts and convert these fiber sources into pulp for further processing in the papermaking areas of the plants. This difference allows the integrated facilities to generate their own energy using the pulping byproducts to fuel boilers to generate steam and electrical power.

Production at SPBU Mills

Serving the uncoated and coated specialty paper printing markets, the Specialty Papers Business Unit (SPBU) uses traditional papermaking and renewable wood fibers, as well as environmentally sound coating chemistries such as the NatureSolv™ carbonless capsule technology. Water is recycled and reused throughout the mill, and spent chemicals reclaimed and reused where possible.

Responsible Production Initiatives

  • Recovering, recycling and reusing water
  • Recycling of pulpmill cooking chemicals
  • Using elemental chlorine-free chemicals for bleaching
  • Using oxygen delignification at Spring Grove

Raw Materials

Raw Materials
Abaca and wood are the primary raw materials used to make paper.


Recycling water, recovering materials and reducing our carbon footprint are part of responsible manufacturing processes.


Approximately 50 percent of the electricity we produce is generated from biomass and considered to be carbon neutral. Learn more about how biomass is integrated at our North American mills.

Partners & Supply Chain

Partners & Supply Chain
Our supply chain activities ensure that end users receive a high-quality, finished product.

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